Struts Architecture is built on the most popular concept in Java applications, MVC. The MVC pattern is followed by struts, which stands for Model View Controller and is essentially used when you want to separate your application’s data, business logic, and how all of this is presented to the user. The main benefit of using MVC for structs is that the application becomes more reusable and expressive. If we need to change when the problem occurs, we don’t have to rewrite the code solution from scratch. We need to learn the pattern and modify it as needed. Join the FITA Academy‘s Struts Training Institutes in Chennai to learn more about Struts Technology. It offers advanced training, certification, and job placement assistance.

Here we will look at the MVC pattern, followed by the struts architecture, as well as various other components that make up the struts architecture.

What are Struts?

Struts are one of many frameworks for developing websites or web-based applications with Java application programme interfaces (API). This framework aids in developing a web-based application by generating the business logic supplied by the client, which is stored in a file containing the properties of the application objects and related data. It is well-known for its security and integration features and can be used to implement applications of any size.

Model View Controller

Before we look at the struts components and architecture, let us first look at the MVC pattern, which serves as the framework for struts architecture.


The model includes the business logic of the code, which provides for operations related to data, such as accessing the data, validating it, and how the data is to be saved in data stores or databases.

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This section is in charge of everything that the user sees, as well as taking all necessary inputs from the user, generating the request that should be passed to the controller for handling, and accepting the responses that are then sent by the controller and displayed on the screen for the users.


This component is located in the middle of the other two components, View and Model. It manages and handles all requests received from the view side, which is the user.

Architecture of Struts

Let us now look at the various components of the struts architecture and how the flow works.

The three components of the strut’s architecture are visible: Model, View, and Controller, which form the high-level struts architecture. We get a better picture as they dig deeper for more information. Interceptors and dispatcher servlet filters work together to try to implement the struts controller. The actions are used to carry out the model component. The third component, view, is produced by combining the results and the type of results. The use of OGNL and value stack as a linking and common thread enables integration between view and controller and view and model.

The struts architecture includes the configuration for results, interceptors, actions, the web application, and many other component details.


We’ve learned from this blog about Struts Architecture. If you are interested in learning Struts technology, join the Best Struts Training Institute in Chennai. It provides you with advanced training with professional faculty. So that you can develop your career. Also, it provides you with a certificate and placement assistance.

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